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THE CRIME & PUNISHMENT COLLECTION

Crime scenes, criminals, executions, vigilantes, penal institutions, police, law enforcement, extralegal justice systems, and forensic sciences: these photographic themes relating to the history of crime and punishment make up The Burns Archive Crime & Punishment Collection. Comprised of thousands of historical, evidentiary, and forensic photographs, including those of notorious criminals, such as Jesse James, Bonnie and Clyde, and John Dillinger, as well as the Lizzie Borden axe murders, the Lindbergh baby kidnapping, America’s first exhibition promoting fingerprinting, and police images spanning over one hundred and fifty years. The book, Deadly Intent: Crime and Punishment: Photographs from The Burns Archive, documents the changing nature of the criminal justice system, 1890-1950.
Note: Some photos may contain graphic images.

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Electric chair, with man about to be executed, c. 1925

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Murdered Parsons family posed for a memorial photograph, 1906

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Forensic expert with wood planks from Bruno Hauptmann's home that matched ladder used in Lindbergh baby's kidnapping, for the trial in 1935.

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J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director, and his staff pose in front of machine-gunned car. A signed photo, 1936.

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Young novelist murdered and raped by workman- the first murder case proved using a single hair, 1936.

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Nazi war criminals in their cells being guarded individually by a U.S. military policeman. c. 1946

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Photo diagram of scene of Ray Shank's murderous family crime, September 1925.

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Chalk outlines of two policemen shot & killed in an NYC bar, 1940's

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Giuseppe Zangara, assassin executed 33 days after his crime, Florida, 1933

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Murder scene of Serge Rubenstein in his Fifth Avenue Mansion, 1955

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Abe Reles, Murder Inc.'s leading hit man, thrown from hotel window by N.Y.C. policeman "guarding him," November 12, 1941

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Murder Inc. victim graveyard found in Lock Sheldrake, N.Y., 1940

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Execution by garrote in city prison, Cuba, 1897

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The slaughtered George "Bugs" Moran- St. Valentine's Day Massacre, February 14th, 1929

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Mafia hit, Brooklyn, c. 1950

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Chalk outline of murder victim, c. 1948

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Guillotined heads of the Pollet gang, 1909. (The heads of leaders brothers Auguste and Abel Pollet are in the foreground, while the head of Canut Vrohant is being washed in the background)

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U.S. Army firing squad executes German general Anton Dostler, Commander 75th Army Corps, December 1st, 1945

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Gas chamber at San Quentin Prison, c. 1940

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French execution by guillotine- A quick humane system, a French invention later used in the German WWII war machine, 1910

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Last public execution in the U.S.- Rainey Bethea, Owensboro, K.Y., August 14, 1936

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Southern sheriff proudly leans on tree with two lynched black men, c. 1910

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Malmedy Massacre trial- Nazi war criminals: Number 11 is "Sepp" Dietrich, commandant of the 6th Panzer Army, (84 Americans were machine gunned), 1946

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Vigilante mob ramming jailhouse door to get prisoner for lynching, 1933

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Line-up ID system (before one way glass) demonstration shows "victim" masked to be unidentifiable, c.1910

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Woman sheriff, in Illinois, January, 1928

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Fingerprint forensic exhibit to show the exactness of the identification procedure, c. 1911

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Ku Klux Klan members of the Pennsylvania State Police, 1920's

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Pinkerton detective wearing ten pound leadened gloves, c. 1885

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Convict laborers marching to work in the Deep South- a condition worse than slavery, c. 1915

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Forcing a woman to pose: police photographing a criminal, 1890's

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Murder scene photographed by Alphonse Bertillon, c. 1903

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Body of "Pretty Boy Floyd," Ohio, 1934

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Alphonse Bertillon measuring head length as one of his eleven identification determinates, 1895

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Anarchist's bomb, 1915

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N.Y. City Police crime photographer at a murder scene, 1931

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Punishment at Joliet Prison, 1895

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Panopticon prison: no doors on cells, one guard can watch all the prisoners, 1928.

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Convict labor working in Alabama quarry, c. 1910

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Tarred and feathered in the South, 1940's

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Delaware whipping post. Corporeal punishment was preferred to jail time by petty offenders, 1912

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Joliet Prisoners in locked position - each one with arm on others' shoulders, 1895

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Dr. Marcel Petiot, Parisien serial killer who lured Jews with promise of leaving Vichy, France, but killed them & stole their money & possessions, 1946

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Women prisoners chained state prison, c. 1900

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Water torture at Sing Sing Prison, c. 1860. Only known surviving photograph